Dewaluacja

To administracyjne obniżenie kursu waluty kraju w stosunku do innych walut.
Termin dewaluacja stosowany jest w przypadku krajów stosujących system sztywnego kursu walutowego, czyli arbitralnie ustalanego przez władze monetarne (z reguły Bank Centralny danego kraju).
Dewaluacja następuje wówczas, gdy władze monetarne danego kraju ustalają nowy niższy sztywny kurs waluty w stosunku do innych walut.
Powodami przeprowadzania dewaluacji mogą być:

  • Wspieranie eksportu danego kraju – Obniżenie kursu waluty danego kraju powoduje, że eksport do krajów o innej walucie staje się bardziej opłacalny. Po sprzedaży dobra za obcą walutę i zamianie tej waluty na krajową otrzymuje się większą ilość jednostek pieniężnych niż przed dewaluacją.
  • Chęć poprawienia bilansu płatniczego kraju – W kraju o ujemnym bilansie płatniczym, importującym więcej niż eksportującym, dewaluacja wykorzystywana jest do poprawienia sytuacji płatniczej. Gdy dzięki dewaluacji eksport staje się bardziej opłacalny i rośnie, a import staje się droższy i jest ograniczany, w niektórych przypadkach może to poprawiać bilans płatniczy kraju.
  • Bliższe dostosowanie kursów walutowych do realiów rynkowych – W krajach o sztywnym kursie walutowym, gdy zaczyna on znacznie odbiegać od kursu, który występowałby w warunkach płynnego systemu kursu, powstaje oczekiwanie, że wkrótce nastąpi dewaluacja. Wywołuje to spekulacyjny popyt na obce waluty w oczekiwaniu zysku ze ich sprzedaży po dewaluacji. Wywołuje to presję na organy państwowe, które sprzedają walutę po sztywnym kursie i których rezerwy walutowe zaczynają się kurczyć. Dewaluacja dokonywana jest więc po to, aby zmniejszyć spekulacyjny popyt na obce waluty.
27 komentarzy
  1. office 365 mfa hardware tokens
    office 365 mfa hardware tokens says:

    Thanks for your thoughts. One thing we’ve noticed is banks as well as financial institutions know the spending routines of consumers as well as understand that most people max out there their own credit cards around the holiday seasons. They smartly take advantage of this kind of fact and start flooding a person’s inbox as well as snail-mail box along with hundreds of no interest APR card offers right after the holiday season ends. Knowing that if you’re like 98% of the American open public, you’ll jump at the chance to consolidate financial debt and switch balances to 0 rate credit cards.

  2. review for InventHelp
    review for InventHelp says:

    I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your blog. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A number of my blog audience have complained about my blog not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox. Do you have any advice to help fix this issue?

  3. Temp email
    Temp email says:

    Very efficiently written post. It will be beneficial to anybody who employess it, as well as me. Keep up the good work – i will definitely read more posts.

  4. W88
    W88 says:

    I carry on listening to the reports lecture about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the best site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i get some?

  5. Cleaning services Dubai
    Cleaning services Dubai says:

    Simply wish to say your article is as astonishing. The clarity in your post is just spectacular and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the gratifying work.

  6. Agen Poker
    Agen Poker says:

    You actually make it seem really easy along with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually one thing that I believe I would never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and very extensive for me. I’m looking ahead in your subsequent publish, I will try to get the grasp of it!

  7. Casumo
    Casumo says:

    Hi my friend! I wish to say that this article is awesome, nice written and include approximately all significant infos. I would like to see more posts like this.

  8. fake IDs
    fake IDs says:

    I’ve recently started a web site, the info you offer on this website has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work.

  9. carstyle crew
    carstyle crew says:

    I am very happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  10. quest bars
    quest bars says:

    Simply wish to say your article is as surprising. The clarity in your post is just nice and i could assume you are
    an expert on this subject. Well with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep up to date
    with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the enjoyable work.

  11. I have an invention where do I start
    I have an invention where do I start says:

    Hi there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  12. Casino
    Casino says:

    Generally I do not read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do it! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice post.

  13. US news
    US news says:

    It’s really a great and useful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  14. eargo
    eargo says:

    Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  15. wholesale hemp buds
    wholesale hemp buds says:

    I am now not positive where you’re getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or figuring out more. Thank you for great info I used to be on the lookout for this information for my mission.

  16. How to earn extra money
    How to earn extra money says:

    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.

  17. https://www.pinterest.com/pin/745697650779087248/
    https://www.pinterest.com/pin/745697650779087248/ says:

    One more thing. I really believe that there are numerous travel insurance websites of respected companies that permit you to enter your holiday details and find you the quotes. You can also purchase the particular international travel cover policy online by using your own credit card. All that you should do would be to enter all your travel information and you can be aware of the plans side-by-side. You only need to find the program that suits your capacity to pay and needs after which it use your credit card to buy the item. Travel insurance on the internet is a good way to start looking for a reputable company to get international travel cover. Thanks for discussing your ideas.

  18. bitcoin arbitrage
    bitcoin arbitrage says:

    Great blog here! Also your web site loads up fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

Odpowiedz

Chcesz wziąć udział w dyskusji?
Śmiało, napisz coś!

Dodaj komentarz

Twój adres email nie zostanie opublikowany.